The life and trial of socrates

In Athens, criminal proceedings could be initiated by any citizen.

Socrates simply did not answer this order, nor had he Leon warned, while the other four men did go to Salamis to get The life and trial of socrates.

The horrors brought on by the Thirty Tyrants caused Athenians to look at Socrates in a new light. Most jurors likely believed even the heftier fine to be far too slight of a punishment for the unrepentant defendant. After listening to arguments, the jurors would choose which of the two proposed punishments to adopt.

The ritualistic religion of Athens included no scripture, church, or priesthood. While good citizens of Athens were being liquidated right and left, Socrates--so far as we know--did or said nothing to stop the violence.

Several of the Thirty had been students of Socrates, but there is also a record of their falling out. A vague charge such as impiety invited jurors to project their many and varied grievances against Socrates. If the accounts of Plato and Xenophon are reasonably accurate, Socrates sought not to persuade jurors, but rather to lecture and provoke them.

Socrates must have known that his proposed "punishment" would infuriate the jury. For both, the Socrates that appears bears the mark of the writer. Socrates rubbing chin and Plato under tree from a mosaic from Pompeii Writing in the third-century C.

In his autobiography Benjamin Franklin reduced this notion to a single line: He is portrayed "stalking the streets" of Athens barefoot, "rolling his eyes" at remarks he found unintelligent, and "gazing up" at the clouds.

Guilt Phase of Trial The trial began in the morning with the reading of the formal charges against Socrates by a herald. Fourth-century BCE ballot disks When the three-hour defense of Socrates came to an end, the court herald asked the jurors to render their decision by putting their ballot disks in one of two marked urns, one for guilty votes and one for votes for acquittal.

Politics and the Ideal Death Socrates avoided political involvement where he could and counted friends on all sides of the fierce power struggles following the end of the Peloponnesian War.

The final straw may well have been another antidemocratic uprising--this one unsuccessful--in With no judge to offer them instructions as to how to interpret the charges or the law, each juror struggled for himself to come to an understanding of the case and the guilt or innocence of Socrates.

Plato and other supporters of Socrates upped the offer to thirty minae by agreeing to come up with silver of their own. Any number of words and actions of Socrates may have contributed to his impiety charge.

Preoccupied with his moral instruction, he probably failed to attend important religious festivals. Socrates left no written works, but his student and friend, Platowrote Socratic dialoguesfeaturing Socrates as the protagonist. Adding to the displeasure of Anytus must have been the advice Socrates gave to his son.

He points to his pupils in the crowd and observes that none of them accused him. Athenians undoubtedly considered the teachings of Socrates--especially his expressions of disdain for the established constitution--partially responsible for the resulting death and suffering.

The totalitarian Thirty Tyrants had anointed themselves as the elite, and in the minds of his Athenian accusers, Socrates was guilty because he was suspected of introducing oligarchic ideas to them.The trial of Socrates refers to the trial and the subsequent execution of the Athenian philosopher Socrates in BC.

Socrates was tried and convicted by the courts of democratic Athens on a charge of corrupting the youth and disbelieving in the ancestral gods/5(16).

Trial of Socrates

Aug 21,  · Socrates: Early Years. Socrates was born and lived nearly his entire life in Athens. His father Sophroniscus was a stonemason and his mother, Phaenarete, was a midwife.

As a youth, he showed an appetite for learning. Watch video · Socrates was known for his courage in battle and fearlessness, a trait that stayed with him throughout his life.

After his trial, he compared his refusal to retreat from his legal troubles to a. Socrates' uncompromising search for wisdom and his determination to lead his life by the principles which seem best to him upon examination.

The trial and death of the historical Socrates. The trial of Socrates took place over a nine-to-ten hour period in the People's Court, located in the agora, the civic center of Athens. The jury consisted of male citizens over the age of thirty, chosen by lot. Most of the jurors were probably farmers.

The trial of Socrates ( BC) was held to determine the philosopher’s guilt of two charges: asebeia (impiety) against the pantheon of Athens, and corruption of the youth of the city-state; the accusers cited two impious acts by Socrates: “failing to acknowledge the gods that the city acknowledges” and “introducing new deities”.

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The life and trial of socrates
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