The history and contribution of the hittite empire

Museum of Anatolian Civilisations, Ankara. Mursilis reigned for 25 years c. The secrets of this mysterious civilization are still being unearthed through recent archaeological discoveries. The Lord made a covenant with Abram giving the land from the river of Egypt to the great river the Euphrates to Abram and his descendants that includes Hittites.

Tunnel Gate, Hattusa In the upper part of the citadel is a human-made rampart with a tunnel passing through it. In the empire period the Hittites developed iron-working technology, helping to initiate the Iron Age. There is, however, little other evidence to support this suggestion, and in the inscriptions no specific term or epithet is ever used to distinguish the non-Hittite indigenous population.

The overwhelming consensus, now, is that the Hittites did smelt meteoric iron, which was a metal so precious at the time that at least one throne was made from it.

Kurunta, another son of Muwatallis, was installed as Great King of a state centred on the city of Tarhuntassa, probably southwest of Konya, with equal status to the ruler of Carchemish; the city would have served as a base for operations farther west.

In some places the walls were over 25 feet thick. The exact purpose of this tunnel is not known for certain, although it was thought to have been used as a sally port.

Their diplomatic tablets often included long preambles reciting past events, which was new at the time. Several other Hittite states carried on as indiopendant Neo Hittite states but without the driving force from Hattusa the Hittite Empire was slowly absorbed back into the old Ancient World order and was forgotten.

For a long time, the Hittites were thought to have pioneered the use of iron for weaponry, but that notion has long been debunked though it lives on in some textbooks.

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There were several treaties between the Hatti and Egypt. Each year, the rulers of vassal states brought gifts to Hattusas and pledged their loyalty.

Relations steadily improved between the Hittites and Egypt, perhaps as a result of their mutual interest in protecting themselves against Assyria.

The art of the Late Hittite states is markedly different, showing a composite of Hittite, Syrian, Assyrian, and, occasionally, Egyptian and Phoenician motifs and influences.

During the great catastrophe circa BCE, however, the Hittite empire was suddenly destroyed. However, corruption, Assyrian ambitions and swarms of north-western tribes brought this powerful empire to its knees and set the stage for the Iron Age.

It segues into the "Hittite Empire period" proper, which dates from the reign of Tudhaliya I from c. The last attested Hittite viceroy of Carcamesh, Kuzi-Tesub, took the opportunity of the fall of Hattusa to proclaim himself Great King and even extended his territory into the Kingdom of Malatya.

The twelfth and eleventh centuries are known as the Greek Dark Ages, the causes of which are still not fully understood.

Who were the Hittites?

There are, however, good grounds for rejecting this theory. The Kassites had penetrated northern Mesopotamia, probably from the east, on the heels of the Hurrians. During this period the national unity of the Hurrians seems to have been revived by the imposition of an alien aristocracy and the foundation of a new Aryan dynasty.

It has even been argued that Anatolia was the original homeland of the Indo-Europeans and that they gradually spread east and west after about BC, carrying with them not only their language but also the invention of agriculture.

Contrary to common belief, the Egyptians were not always the apex power in the Bronze Age. A detailed account survives of the two-year campaign in which young Mursilis suppressed this insurrection, killing the Arzawan king and installing Hittite governors as rulers of the several kingdoms.

The Hittites had been mentioned several times in the Old Testament, but little was known about their civilization prior to archaeologists excavating and studying the site of the Hittite capital: Archaeologists today tried to reconstruct a small area of the walls with the same materials and techniques used by the Hittites to have a glimpse of how Hattusa looked in its glory days.

Though the empire experienced a brief weakness with their capital being sacked, the empire quickly regained its strength under Suppiluliuma I.The Hittites were an ancient people who spoke an Indo-European language and created a civilisation as early as BC.

They pioneered the use of iron; while everyone else around them was making do with bronze, they could make iron, though it was s. May 09,  · This is the story of THE HITTITES, the most powerful people in the ancient Near and Middle East.

Narrated by Academy Award WinnerJeremy Irons. The fall of the Hittite empire (c. bce) history of Mesopotamia: The rise of Assyria. hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind. Encyclopædia Britannica articles are written in a neutral objective tone for a general audience.

The Hittite Empire reached its peak between under the reign of King Suppiluliuma I (c BCE) and his son Mursilli II (c BCE) Telepinu was the last king of the Old Kingdom and, after his edict, the history of the Hittites enters a `dark age’ about which little is known.

The Hittite empire flourished and were shown on the Biblical Timeline chart starting from BC to about BC The Great Hittite Empire The Hittite Empire is mentioned over and over in the Bible as one of the most powerful empires in the ancient times. Hittite Timeline.

Search Results. BCE - BCE: Reign of King Suppiluliuma I, founder of the Hittite Empire. BCE - BCE: Reign of the Hittite king Suppiluliuma I. Hittites conquer Syria. Search through the entire ancient history timeline.

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The history and contribution of the hittite empire
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