Shankara represented his works as elaborating on ideas found in the Upanishadsand he wrote copious commentaries on the Vedic canon Brahma Sutraprincipal upanishads and Bhagavad Gita in support of his thesis. New towns had risen and old towns decayed. If we study History well then we would know about the real background in which our state developed through Kerala from sangam to dutch period years.
It turned out to be a success. People The people were divided into five different clans "kudes" based on their profession.
The History of kerala is very essential part of the heritage of the state and country as well. Transport system was essential for trade and in this context there were many boats, ships; even bridges over waterways was essential.
Historians are not yet in unanimous agreement about the location of these ports. They actively seek out for wars, knowledge, invade far and distant lands and engage in banditry. Kadamban who beat a large bass-like drum, the kadamparai, and blew a long bamboo, kuzhal, the cerioothuthi similar to the present naagasuram.
With the decline of the Kulasekharas, the unified status of Kerala was again under threat. Monogamy was the norm, widow remarriage was permitted, Child marriage was not there. Kadamban who beat a large bass-like drum, the kadamparai, and blew a long bamboo, kuzhal, the cerioothuthi similar to the present naagasuram.
Early history of kerala is based on traditions. British period[ edit ] Captured Mappila prisoners of revolt, taken after a battle with British troops. Arab and Persian writers and early Malayalam and medieval Tamil Literature say that the word kerala means the land of hills and mountains.
Ptolemy received Egypt and administered from Alexandria where he secured himself and established a ruling line. However like the Portuguese their involvement in the local politics was minimal.
Arts Musicians, stage artists and performers entertained the kings, the nobility, the rich and the general population. They constructed forts and factories here like the Portuguese.
Ancient Tamil religion The religion of the ancient Tamils closely follow roots of nature worship and some elements of it can also be found in Tamil Shaiva Siddhanta traditions.
TemplesChurches, Mosques and Synagogues. Samoothiri allied with Muslim Arab and Chinese merchants and used most of the wealth from Kozhikode to develop his military power. It is also the only land among all five lands of the Sangam landscape that a female God, fierce mother goddessKotravai was worshipped which is synonymous with the common belief that all the other lands of Tamil country emerged from these original dry arid lands.
The Portuguese Cemetery, Kollam after the invasion of Dutchit became Dutch Cemetery of Tangasseri in Kollam city was constructed in around as part of the Portuguese invasion in the city. The Thiraiyars inhabited throughout the coastal regions.
The most popular deity was Muruganwho has from a very early date been identified with Karthikeyathe son of Siva. Organised expressions of discontent with British rule were not uncommon in Kerala. Kurumporai Nadan-kizhaththis the landlords of the small towns amidst the forests in the valleysThonral-manaivi the ministers and other noble couplesIdaiyars the milkmaids and their familiesAiyars the cattle-rearers in Mullai.
Kerala has a unique Geographical position. Through these works we get to know what happened during the first years of Christian Era: No division of society into high and low castes,there was no untouchability,?
Tolkappiyam, one of the oldest grammatical works in Tamil mentions that each of these thinai had an associated deity such as Kottravai Mother goddess i. However like the Portuguese their involvement in the local politics was minimal. The Kollam Epoch A. The combined number of Jews, Christians, and Muslims was relatively small at this early stage.
According to George L. InSree Chithira Thirunal Balaramavarma, the ruler of Travancoreissued the Temple Entry Proclamationdeclaring the temples of his kingdom open to all Hindu worshipers, irrespective of caste.
During this period the land relations showed certain important features: Many people were forced to convert. Early medieval period c. Political authority was fragmented by the time the Portuguese came to kerala.Essay on Kerala from Sangam to Dutch Period Introduction.
Kerala has a unique Geographical position. Kerala has a rich culture and is the meeting point of many types of ideologies, Ideas and religious views. Travelers, merchants and rulers visited.
Sangam period (Tamil: சங்ககாலம், Sangakālam?) is the period of history of ancient Tamil Nadu and Kerala (known as Tamilakam) spanning from c. 3rd century BC to c. 3rd century AD. It is named after the famous Sangam academies of poets and scholars centered in the city of Madurai.
Glimpses of World History through Kerala and Dutch. Kerala: from BC to AD. The primary source of information on Kerala during this period is drawn from the Sangam literature of the period. The ambiguity about determining the Sangam era, whether it was towards the close of ante Christ or after the Christ, remains unsettled.
Kerala is a state in India. It is located on the south-western region of the country. It was created on 1 Novemberwith the passing of the States Reorganisation Act bringing together the areas where Malayalam was the dominant language.
Sangam Period ( AD) This period can be dated from the beginning of the Christian era to the beginning of 8th century. During the Sangam age Kerala was a. Introduction. Kerala has a unique Geographical position.
Kerala has a rich culture and is the meeting point of many types of ideologies, Ideas and.Download